Lesson 1. Basic Greetings and Personal Pronouns – Chào Hỏi Cơ Bản Và Đại Từ Nhân Xưng
In this lesson, we are going to learn how to say hello and goodbye to different people in Vietnamese.
All you need to do is to say: “CHÀO” + THE RIGHT PERSONAL PRONOUN.
Chào can be used to greet someone or to say goodbye to them. Don’t be surprised if Vietnamese people don’t say hello. In Vietnamese culture, it’s not common to say hello to each other unless one is clearly younger or of a lower status than the other. People just greet each other with a smile or a nod.
- Xin chào: Hello, or Goodbye (when addressing a group of people)
- Chào anh: Hello, or Goodbye (greet older brother)
- Chào em: Hello or Goodbye (greet younger sibling)
- Chào chị: Hello or Goodbye (greet older sister)
- Tôi là Tom: I am Tom
- Em tên gì?: What’s your name? (You name what?)
- Em tên Nam: My name is Nam (I name Nam)
- Tôi là bác sĩ: I am a doctor
- Frank là người Mỹ: Frank is American.
- Hẹn gặp lại: See you again (Make appointments meet again)
NEW LANGUAGE ITEMS:
- Tôi: I/me
- Anh: you (literally older brother, referring to a man older than you or nearly your age)
- Ông: you (literally grandfather, referring to an old man nearly your grandfather’s age)
- Bà: you (literally grandmother, referring to an old woman nearly your grandmother’s age)
- Chị: you (literally older sister, referring to a woman older than you or nearly your age)
- Em: you (literally younger brother or younger sister, referring to a woman or man clearly younger than you)
- Chúng tôi: We, excluding the listener
- Chúng ta: we, including the listener
- Các bạn: You, plural
- Anh ấy: he (referring to a man older than you or nearly your age)
- Ông ấy: he (referring to an old man nearly your grandfather’s age)
- Bà ấy: she (referring to an old woman nearly your grandmother’s age)
- Chị ấy: she (referring to a woman older than you or nearly your age)
- Em ấy: she or he (referring to a third person younger than you)
- Họ: they, referring to a group of people, formal
- Là: to be (only used before a noun, not an adjective)
- Gì: what (used at the end to make a question)
- Tên: name
- Người Mỹ: an American person, American people (singulars and plurals are the same in Vietnamese)
- Bác sĩ: doctor
This lesson only covers the most basic person pronouns in Vietnamese. You can find more advanced personal pronouns here: https://spokenvietnamese.com/advanced-vietnamese/advanced-vietnamese-personal-pronouns.