Lesson 3: Learn The Vietnamese Alphabet – Học Bảng Chữ Cái Tiếng Việt

The Vietnamese Alphabet

Vietnamese alphabet

Lesson 3: Learn The Vietnamese Alphabet – Học Bảng Chữ Cái Tiếng Việt

The alphabet is one of the first things a language learner should learn. After this lesson, you will know how to pronounce individual letters in Vietnamese, building the foundation to decipher the Vietnamese written language later on.

THE WHOLE VIETNAMESE ALPHABET:

A Ă Â B C CH D Đ E Ê G GH H I K KH L M N NG NGH NH O Ô Ơ P PH QU R S T TH TR U Ư V X Y

    1. A
    2. Ă
       
    3. Â
    4. B
    5. C
    6. CH
    7. D
      (pronounced like Y in Yellow)
    8. Đ
      (pronounced like D in Dog, but without any aspiration)
    9. E
    10. Ê
    11. G
    12. GH
      (pronounced the same as G)
    13. H
    14. I
    15. K
    16. KH
    17. L
    18. M
    19. N
    20. NG
    21. NGH
      (pronounced the same as NG)
    22. NH
    23. O
    24. Ô
    25. Ơ
    26. P
    27. PH
    28. QU
    29. R
      (pronounced like R in Red)
    30. S
      (pronounced like S in Sun)
    31. T
    32. TH
    33. TR
      (pronounced like TR in Tree)
    34. U
    35. Ư
    36. V
    37. X
      (to distinguish from S while naming, pronounce it as “its sea”
      )
    38. Y
      (to distinguish from S while naming, call it a long I
      )

VIETNAMESE VOWELS:

A Ă Â, E Ê, I, O Ô Ơ, U Ư, Y

    1. A
    2. Ă
       
    3. Â
    4. E
    5. Ê
    6. I
    7. O
    8. Ô
    9. Ơ
    10. U
    11. Ư
    12. Y
      (to distinguish from S while naming, call it a long I
      )

VIETNAMESE DIPHTHONGS:

AI, AY, ÂY, EO, IM, IÊM, OA, OI, ÔI, ƯU, ƯƠU, UA, ƯA, ƯƠM

    1. AI
       
    2. AY
    3. ÂY
    4. EO
    5. IM
    6. IÊM
    7. OA
    8. OI
    9. ÔI
    10. ƯU
    11. ƯƠU
    12. UA
    13. ƯA
    14. ƯƠM

VIETNAMESE CONSONANTS:

B C CH D Đ G GH H K KH L M N NG NGH NH P PH QU R S T TH TR V X

    1. B
    2. C
    3. CH
    4. D
      (pronounced like Y in Yellow)
    5. Đ
      (pronounced like D in Dog, but without any aspiration)
    6. G
    7. GH
      (pronounced the same as G)
    8. H
    9. K
    10. KH
    11. L
    12. M
    13. N
    14. NG
    15. NGH
      (pronounced the same as NG)
    16. NH
    17. P
    18. PH
    19. QU
    20. R
      (pronounced like R in Red)
    21. S
      (pronounced like S in Sun)
    22. T
    23. TH
    24. TR
      (pronounced like TR in Tree)
    25. V
    26. X
      (to distinguish from S while naming, pronounce it as “its sea”
      )

* SOME NOTES:

  1. AI sounds like /ai/ as in “tie”
  2. AY and ÂY sound almost the same, which sounds like /a/ and /i/ blended together.
  3. NG and NGH sound the same, which is like /ng/ in /sing/: ngu (stupid)
  4. NH sounds like /nya/  as in California: nhà (house)
  5. X and S sound the same, which is like /s/ as in /sea/
  6. EO sounds almost like /el/ as in DELL, except that you don’t need to curl your tongue backward like in English. ĐEO = WEAR (only for a watch, a backpack, jewelry), THEO (to follow, according to…)
  7. TH always sounds almost like /th/ as in THIN, except that you don’t need to place the tip of the tongue between the teeth: THỊT = meat

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